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RockpiS/Debian

    ROCK Pi S >  Debian


Work with ROCK Pi S Debian

Introduction to ROCK Pi S Debian

ROCK Pi S Debian is an easy to use desktop system. While working with ROCK Pi S Debian, you will find it do well on playing music, Internet, Bluetooth and so on.

Access from the Host PC/Laptop

Option 1: USB access(adb)

By default, the ROCK Pi S Linux image enables adbd services, which is a debug bridge from Android now ported on Linux. With one USB A to C cable you can power and access the board, very handy.

To use adb, you need to install adb tool on the PC/Laptop. Check instructions for Windows and Linux.

After you have adb installed successfully, run the following command on console to login the shell of ROCK Pi S:

   adb shell

Check Using adb.

Option 2: Serial console

Check Serial Console

Option 3: SSH

SSH server is enabled on port 22 of ROCK Pi S default image.

Please use angryip to find your board IP address.

To access ROCK Pi S by SSH, try

   ping rockpis.local
   ssh rock@rockpis.local

or if your router/network doesn't support Local Domain, you need to check your network/router administrator page and look for the ROCK Pi S ip address.

   ping ip-of-device
   ssh rock@ip-of-device

Note: You can also get the IP of ROCK Pi S from option 1 or option 2 if you can not access network administrator page.

Debian Default User Account

Non-root User:

   User Name : rock
   Password  : rock

Install and update necessary packages

Add Radxa APT, see Radxa APT.

Install packages;

 $ sudo apt-get update
 $ sudo apt-get install -y rockchip-overlay rockchip-fstab
 $ sudo apt-get install -y linux-4.4-rockpis-latest rockpis-dtbo

Install xfce4 desktop

 $ sudo apt-get install -y xfce4
 $ sudo apt-get install -y xfce4-goodies task-xfce-desktop lightdm dialog tango-icon-theme

Network Connection

There are two methods for network connection. One is Ethernet and the other is WIFI.

Ethernet Connection

You can use a network cable (one end connected to the external network port or route) to connect your ROCK Pi S to the network. The ROCK Pi S will automatically configure the network for your surfing on the Internet.

To test the Ethernet, we need to follow the steps:
  • Switch to super user mode by command
 $ sudo su
  • Check whether the Ethernet is normal by command, ifconfig, which would show us a network card, eth0, and the Ethernet IP address. Also, use tool, ping, to connect to a normal domain.
 $ ifconfig
 $ ping www.baidu.com
  • If failed to connect to a normal domain. , try
 $ sudo dhclient eth0

WIFI Connection

When there is not a network cable for your ROCK Pi S the WIFI connection is another good choice. ROCK Pi S supports 2.4G WIFI wireless network.

To test the WIFI performance, we need to follow the steps:
  • Switch to super user mode
 $ sudo su
  • Open the WIFI
 $ nmcli r wifi on
  • Scan WIFI
 $ nmcli dev wifi
  • Connect to WIFI network
 $ nmcli dev wifi connect "wifi_name" password "wifi_password"
  • Test WIFI perpormance by tool iperf.

Bluetooth

Update necessary packages

 $ sudo apt-get update
 $ sudp apt-get install -y rockchip-overlay
 $ sudo apt-get install -y linux-4.4-rockpis-latest # kernel version(>=4.4.143.27)
 $ sudo apt-get install -y rtl8723ds-firmware bluez

Check Bluetooth service

 $ systemctl status bluetooth

Run Bluetooth service if the Bluetooth service is inactive.

 $ systemctl start bluetooth

Check Bluetooth device

 $ hciconfig
 hci0:   Type: Primary  Bus: UART
         BD Address: 22:22:70:B2:10:6F  ACL MTU: 1021:8  SCO MTU: 255:12
         UP RUNNING 
         RX bytes:1399 acl:0 sco:0 events:45 errors:0
         TX bytes:3458 acl:0 sco:0 commands:45 errors:0

Example: Connect to Bluetooth Speaker.

Change to root mode.

 $ sudo su

Install pulseaudio packages

 # apt-get install -y pulseaudio-module-bluetooth pulseaudio

Run pulseaudio

 # pulseaudio --start

Connect using bluetoothctl

 # bluetoothctl
 [bluetooth]# default-agent 
 [bluetooth]# power on
 [bluetooth]# scan on
 [bluetooth]# trust 77:EC:79:4F:6B:AC
 [bluetooth]# pair 77:EC:79:4F:6B:AC
 [bluetooth]# connect 77:EC:79:4F:6B:AC

Play songs and enjoy it.

Resize root filesystem to fit available disk space

Execute command resize-helper

 $ sudo /usr/sbin/resize-helper                                                                   

Type Yes

 Yes/No? Yes

Type -1M

 End?  [1010MB]?-1M

Poweroff

Once login, click button: Suspend

Storage device

  • uSD Card: /dev/mmcblk0
  • SD Nand: /dev/mmcblk1

Boot device order

SD Nand -> uSD Card

Changelogs

2019.12.19

rockpis_debian_buster_minimal_arm64_191219_0406-gpt.img

  • U-boot version: 2017.09-02370-g6d65a50f1e
  • Kernel version: 4.4.143-34-rockchip-g3c9d2019dba7
  • System partitions: boot and rootfs
  • Default serial console: UART0
  • Default non-root user: rock (password: rock)
  • Hostname: rockpis
  • Support adb by default.
  • Support SSH by default.
  • Resize root filesystem to fit available disk space for the first boot
  • Automatically load Bluetooth firmware after system startup.

2019.11.18

rockpis_debian_buster_minimal_arm64_191118_1217-gpt.img

  • U-boot version: 2017.09-02370-g6d65a50f1e
  • Kernel version: 4.4.143-34-rockchip-g3c9d2019dba7
  • Default serial console: UART0
  • Default non-root user: rock (password: rock)
  • Hostname: rockpis
  • Support adb by default.

2019.10.29

rockpis_debian_buster_minimal_arm64_191029_1055-gpt.img

  • U-boot version updated to 2017.09-02370-g6d65a50f1e
    • Add patch to make LAN MAC address stable based on CPUID
  • Kernel version updated to 4.4.143-28-rockchip-g8dbafd783043
  • Default serial console: UART0
  • Default non-root user: rock (password: rock)
  • Hostname: rockpis
  • Support SSH
  • Do not need to install rockchip-fstab package since /boot partition is auto mounted by systemd.


2019.08.06

rockpis_debian_stretch_minimal_arm64_190806_0115-gpt.img

  • Kernel version updated to 4.4.143-23-rockchip-g394d86b2b38b
    • Support 3.5inch waveshare model B and C LCD
  • Default serial console: UART0
  • Default non-root user: rock (password: rock)
  • Hostname: rockpis
  • Support SSH