ROCK Pi S > Getting started
- 1 What you need
- 2 Close look of ROCK Pi S
- 3 Features
- 4 Starting the board for the first time
- 4.1 1. Prepare the image
- 4.2 2. Write Image to uSD card
- 4.3 3. Boot the board
- 4.4 4. Access from the Host PC/Laptop
- 4.5 5.Network state
- 4.6 6.WIFI Connection
- 4.7 7.BT
- 4.8 8.Buttons
- 4.9 9.LED
- 4.10 10.GPIO
- 4.11 11.Using OTG
- 5 Next Step
- 6 Troubleshooting
This guide is designed for ROCK Pi S enthusiast. The purpose is to learn about the ROCK Pi S board as well as how to prepare and set up for basic use. We will introduce the board information as much as possible.
What you need
- ROCK Pi S main board
- One of the Storage media below:
- μSD card, larger than 8GB.
- USB type C to type A cable
- For both power and USB communication(adb/fastboot) with HOST PC.
- PC/Laptop which has USB ports
- The ROCK Pi S can be powered from the PC/Laptop USB ports directly
- Power adapter
- If you want to power ROCK Pi S standalone, you can use 5V/1A or 5V/2A power adapter with USB C ports. You can also use the USB PD/QC power adapter without worrying damage the board because the PD/QC adapter will detect ROCK Pi S only supports 5V so the adapter will output 5V.
- μSD Card Reader
- For flashing the image into μSD Card.
- USB to TTL serial cable
- For serial console, low level troubleshooting, development etc.
- Ethernet cable
- ROCK Pi S supports Internet access via WIFI or Ethernet.
- An Ethernet cable is used to connect your ROCK Pi S to a local network and the Internet.
Close look of ROCK Pi S
- ROCK Pi S front view
- ROCK Pi S front with an angle view
- ROCK Pi S back view
|Model||ROCK Pi S|
|Processor|| SoC RK3308 |
Quad Cortex-A35 ARM 64bits processor
frequency up to 1.3GHz
|Memory||256MB or 512MB DDR3|
|Storage||MicroSD(TF), optional on board 1/2/4/8Gb NAND flash|
|Wireless|| 802.11 b/g/n wifi |
|USB|| USB2.0 Type-A HOST x1 |
USB3.0 Type-C OTG x1
|Key|| maskrom x1 |
|Ethernet||100MB ethernet, optional PoE(additional HAT requried)|
|IO|| 26-pin expansion header |
5V DC power in x2
3.3V DC power in x2
|Power||USB Type-C DC 5V|
Starting the board for the first time
ROCK Pi S can be started with μSD Card.
1. Prepare the image
- When start system with μSD Card
Insert the μSD Card into μSD Card Reader, which connects to host computer.
2. Write Image to uSD card
- Download the flash tool, etcher, from Downloads. Choose the right version for your host operation system. Here we operate on host Ubuntu 16.04.
- After unpacking the package, we run the tool by executing the command
If you get an error message: "No polkit authentication agent found" you can try and start it with sudo, but do know that this is running the tool as root.
- In the etcher window, click Select image.
- In the etcher window, click Select Drive.
- In the etcher window, click Flash.
- In the etcher window, once it shows us Flash Complete! It is done and can be put into the ROCK Pi S.
3. Boot the board
- Now insert the uSD card to the board.
- Use a USB C to USB A cable, connect the board to your PC
- ROCK Pi S will boot, the green power led is on, and after a while, the blue led start blinking
- (Optional)Use a USB to TTL serial cable to make a connection between your PC and ROCK Pi S. See Serial Console
4. Access from the Host PC/Laptop
Option 1: USB access(adb)
By default, the ROCK Pi S Linux image enables adbd services, which is a debug bridge from Android now ported on Linux. With one USB A to C cable you can power and access the board, very handy.
After you have adb installed successfully, run the following command on console to login the shell of ROCK Pi S:
Check Using adb.
Option 2: Serial console
Check Serial Console
Option 3: SSH
SSH server is enabled on port 22 of ROCK Pi S default image.
Please use angryip to find your board IP address.
To access ROCK Pi S by SSH, try
ping rockpis.local ssh email@example.com
or if your router/network doesn't support Local Domain, you need to check your network/router administrator page and look for the ROCK Pi S ip address.
ping ip-of-device ssh rock@ip-of-device
Note: You can also get the IP of ROCK Pi S from option 1 or option 2 if you can not access network administrator page.
- Look at network configure:
$ sudo ifconfig
- Test network:
$ ping -c 5 www.google.com
Check WIFI Connection.
ROCK Pi S has reset key and maskrom key:
- Reset key:
Press and release this key to reset ROCK Pi S.
- Maskrom key:
ROCK Pi S supports boot on SD NAND flash. By default, SD NAND starts before TF card. Press the maskrom key to ignore the SD NAND flash when ROCK Pi S is powered on.
ROCK Pi S has Power LED and User LED.
- Power LED
Power LED is green, which can be configured by sysfs.
The related directory is /sys/class/leds/rockpis:green:power
It is always on when ROCK Pi S is given power by default,
- User LED
User LED is blue, which can be configured by sysfs.
The related directory is /sys/class/leds/rockpis:blue:user
By default, its blink status shows the running kernel.
ROCK Pi S has two 26-pin expansion headers. Each pin is distinguished by color, more information click here
Development for GPIO ROCK Pi S support libmraa GPIO library, click here to get more information.
ROCK Pi S has an USB type-C OTG connector, which you can use to write(or read) data by PC to (or from) ROCK Pi S, more help click here
- More Debian image usage and tips
- Install image to SD Nand if your board has
- Checkout the hardware details
- Join the community and the discussion group