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RockpiN10/hardware/rockpiN10


    ROCK Pi N10 >  Hardware >  Main Board
ROCKPI N10 Ports 03.png
ROCKPI N10 Ports 04.png
ROCKPI N10 Ports 01.png
ROCKPI N10 Ports 02.png

SOM

Audio: 3.5mm jack with MIC

Audio can be played through speaker or headphones using a standard 3.5mm jack with MIC.

Note that HD codec supports up to 24-bit/96KHz audio.

Buttons

The ROCK Pi N10 board presents three buttons. They are Reset key, Maskrom key and Power key.

The Reset button serves as the hardware reset button. Short press and release the button, the system will be rebooted.

The Maskrom Button is for firmware flash/upgrade.

eDP Interface

eDP is the display interface. The definition table of the eDP connector is shown below.

As you can see, four lanes are layout.

Pin# Name Pin# Name
1 EDP_TX0P 2 EDP_TX0N
3 GND 4 GND
5 EDP_TX1P 6 EDP_TX1N
7 GND 8 GND
9 EDP_TX2P 10 EDP_TX2N
11 GND 12 GND
13 EDP_TX3P 14 EDP_TX3N
15 GND 16 GND
17 EDP_AUXP 18 EDP_AUXN
19 VDD 20 GND

Ethernet

The Giga Bit Ethernet LAN with Power over Ethernet (PoE) is provided. If you are interested in POE (Power Over Ethernet), you should try it on the ROCK Pi N10 board. Additional HAT is required for powering from PoE.

HDMI

The ROCK Pi N10 is equipped with one HDMI connector and one MIPI DSI. As for HDMI, the maximum resolution is 4k@60Hz. Any HDMI monitor should work as a display for the ROCK Pi N10. As for MIPI DSI, it is designed for raw LCD pannel. HDMI and MIPI DSI can work at the same time.

The HDMI interface pin specification shows below.

Pin# Name
1 HDMI_TX2P
2 GND
3 HDMI_TX2N
4 HDMI_TX1P
5 GND
6 HDMI_TX1N
7 HDMI_TX0P
8 GND
9 HDMI_TX0N
10 HDMI_TXCP
11 GND
12 HDMI_TXCN
13 HDMI_CEC
14 NC
15 DDC_SCL
16 DDC_SDA
17 GND
18 VCC5V0_HDMI
19 PORT_HPD

IR reveicer

IRM-3638 module is equipped. its carrier frequency is 38 KHz. And the date rate is high, up to 4000 bit/sec.

LEDs

Red LED: Power LED, also the Red LED, could be control by GPIO1_A1. The LED is ON when the GPIO1_A1 is HIGH. The LED is OFF when the GPIO is LOW.

Green Led: Reset LED.

MIPI Camera Interface

There is a wide range of camera applications in our lives. MIPI CSI 2 lane on board support 800 MP camera via FPC connector.

The MIPI CSI interface pin specification shows below.

Pin# Name
1 VCC_CAM
2 I2C4_SDA
3 I2C4_SCL
4 CAM_MCLK
5 CAM_GPIO1
6 GND
7 MIPI_RX0_CLKP
8 MIPI_RX0_CLKN
9 GND
10 MIPI_RX0_D1P
11 MIPI_RX0_D1N
12 GND
13 MIPI_RX0_D0P
14 MIPI_RX0_D0P

MIPI Display Interface

The ROCK Pi N10 is equipped with one HDMI connector and one MIPI DSI. As for HDMI, the maximum resolution is 4k@60Hz. Any HDMI monitor should work as a display for the ROCK Pi N10. As for MIPI DSI, it is designed for raw LCD pannel. HDMI and MIPI DSI can work at the same time.

The MIPI DSI interface pin specification shows below.

Pin# Name
1 VCC_MIPI
2 VCC_MIPI
3 GND
4 I2C_SDA_AUDIO
5 I2C_SCL_AUDIO
6 GND
7 MIPI_TX/RX_D0P
8 MIPI_TX_RX_D0N
9 GND
10 MIPI_TX/RX_CLKP
11 MIPI_TX_RX_CLKN
12 GND
13 MIPI_TX/RX_D1P
14 MIPI_TX/RX_D1N
15 GND

M.2 Wireless

This the M.2 Wireless Socket pin definition table.

Name Pin# Pin# Name
GND 1 2 +3.3V
NV 3 4 +3.3V
NV 5 6 GPIO_LED
GND 7 8 NC
SDIO_CLK 9 10 NC
SDIO_CMD 11 12 NC
SDIO_D0 13 14 NC
SDIO_D1 15 16 NC
SDIO_D2 17 18 GND
SDIO_D3 19 20 BT_HOST
WIFI_HOST_WAKE 21 22 UART0_RXD
WIFI_REG_ON 23
GND 33 32 UART0_TXD
NC 35 34 UART0_CTS
NC 37 36 UART0_RTS
GND 39 38 NC
NC 41 40 NC
NC 43 42 BT_REG_NO
GND 45 44 NC
NC 47 46 NC
NC 49 48 NC
GND 51 50 RTC_CLKO
NC 53 52 NC
NC 55 54 NC
GND 57 56 NC
NC 59 58 I2C_DATA
NC 61 60 I2C_CLK
GND 63 62 NC
NC 65 64 NC
NC 67 66 NC
GND 69 68 NC
NC 71 70 BT_WAKE
NC 73 72 3.3V
GND 75 74 3.3V

PCIE M.2 NGFF M-KEY SOCKET Interface

On ROCK Pi N10, M.2 connector supports up to 2T M2 NVME SSD.

The PCIE M.2 interface pin specification shows below.

Name Pin# Pin# Name
GND 1 2 +3.3V
GND 3 4 +3.3V
PERn3 5 6 NC
PERp3 7 8 NC
GND 9 10 DAS/DSS#
PETn3 11 12 +3.3V
PETp3 13 14 +3.3V
GND 15 16 +3.3V
PERn2 17 18 +3.3V
PERp2 19 20 NC
GND 21 22 NC
PETn2 23 24 NC
PETp2 25 26 NC
GND 27 28 NC
PERn1 29 30 NC
PERp1 31 32 NC
GND 33 34 NC
PETn1 35 36 NC
PETp1 37 38 DEVSLP
GND 39 40 NC
PERn0/SATA-B+ 41 42 NC
PERp0/SATA-B- 43 44 NC
GND 45 46 NC
PETn0/SATA-A- 47 48 NC
PETp0/SATA-A+ 49 50 PERST#
GND 51 52 CLKREQ#
REFCLKN 53 54 PEWake#
REFCLKP 55 56 NC
GND 57 58 NC
NC 67 68 SUSCLK
PEDET 69 70 +3.3V
GND 71 72 +3.3V
GND 73 74 +3.3V
GND 75

PoE

PoE connector shows below.

Name Name
TR1 TR0
TR2 TR3

Take TR0 and TR1 as the same group. And take TR2 and TR3 as another group.

Power Supply

The ROCK Pi N10 is powered by Type-C port and has a wide range of input voltage, from 9V to 21V. The ROCK Pi N10 supports USB Type-C PD 2.0 with 9V/2A, 12V/2A, 15V/2A and 20V/2A. Besides, the Pi supports QC 3.0/2.0 with 9V/2A and 12V/1.5A. The Type-C cable you using needs to support data communication. We call it USB Type-C charging data cable.

RTC

The RTC connector is designed according to the standard connector type.

Pin# Name
1 GND
2 +3.3V

SPI Nor Flash

One SPI Nor Flash is on board. Its power supply voltage is 1.8V.

TF Card Interface

The TF card can be used as a system storage or an external storage. When it's used as a system storage, you had better choose the ones with storage space larger than 8GB. When it's used as an external storage, you can choose the ones with storage space up to 128GB. When the TF card is inserted into the TF card slot , the device will be automatically recognized by the system.

The TF card interface pin specification shows below.

Pin# Name
1 SDMMC0_D2
2 SDMMC0_D3
3 SDMMC0_CMD
4 VCC3V3_SYS
5 SDMMC0_CLK
6 GND
7 SDMMC0_D0
8 SDMMC0_D1
9 SDMMC0_DET_L
10 GND
11 GND
12 GND
13 GND

USB

Double Type-A USB 2.0 host port

This port enables the attachment of peripherals such U Disk, keyboards, mice, USB dongle etc.

Type-A USB 3.0 port with OTG Switch

When the USB OTG Switch is switched to the host side, the Type-A USB 3.0 port also enables the attachment of peripherals such U Disk, keyboards, mice, USB dongle etc.

The OTG Switch, shown on the second picture from the top of this page:

  • Left side: Host side
  • Right side: Device side

Compared with USB 2.0 host port, this USB 3.0 port supports On-The-Go(OTG) when the USB OTG Switch is switched to the device side. Thus the Soc is recognized as an device.

Take adb as an example. You can use a Type-A to Type-A cable as a bridge between you PC and ROCK Pi N10 Board. In addition to the system configuration, you can setup the adb tool on your PC to access ROCK Pi N10 over adb.

General purpose input-output (GPIO) connector

ROCK Pi N10 has a 40-pin expansion header. Each pin is distinguished by color.

GPIO number Function3 Function2 Function1 Pin# Pin# Function1 Function2 Function3 GPIO number
+3.3V 1 2 +5.0V
71 I2C7_SDA GPIO2_A7 3 4 +5.0V
72 I2C7_SCL GPIO2_B0 5 6 GND
13 GPIO0_B5 7 8 GPIO4_C4 UART2_TXD 148
GND 9 10 GPIO4_C3 UART2_RXD 147
146 PWM0 GPIO4_C2 11 12 GPIO0_B1 9
150 PWM1 GPIO4_C6 13 14 GND
149 SPDIF_TX GPIO4_C5 15 16 GPIO0_B0 8
+3.3V 17 18 GPIO2_A6 70
40 UART4_TXD SPI1_TXD GPIO1_B0 19 20 GND
39 UART4_RXD SPI1_RXD GPIO1_A7 21 22 GPIO3_D4 124
41 SPI1_CLK GPIO1_B1 23 24 GPIO1_B2 SPI1_CSN0 42
GND 25 26 ADC_IN1
64 I2C2_SDA GPIO2_A0 27 28 GPIO2_A1 I2C2_CLK 65
74 I2C6_SCL GPIO2_B2 29 30 GND
73 I2C6_SDA GPIO2_B1 31 32 GPIO3_D5 125
157 GPIO4_D5 33 34 GND
68 GPIO2_A4 35 36 GPIO2_A2 66
126 GPIO3_D6 37 38 GPIO2_A3 67
GND 39 40 GPIO1_A2 34

More details about 40-pin Header

  • Pins marked with color orange are designed for debug console.
  • PWM; x2, PWM0/PWM1
  • SPI: x1, SPI1
  • I2C: x3, I2C2/I2C6/I2C7
  • UART: x2, UART3/UART4
  • SPDIF_TX: x1
  • ADC: x1, ADC_IN1