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RockpiS/getting started

< RockpiS
Revision as of 09:10, 20 August 2019 by Josonk (Talk | contribs)

    ROCK Pi S >  Getting started

This guide is designed for ROCK Pi S enthusiast. The purpose is to learn about the ROCK Pi S board as well as how to prepare and set up for basic use. We will introduce the board information as much as possible.

What you need


  • ROCK Pi S main board
  • One of the Storage media below:
    • μSD card, larger than 8GB.
  • Power supply
    • The ROCK Pi S is powered by Type-C port.
    • The power input voltage is DC 5V.
  • USB to TTL serial cable
    • This is needed for serial console.


  • μSD Card Reader
    • For flashing the image into μSD Card or eMMC Module.
  • USB type C to type A cable
    • This is needed for fastboot/adb commands.
  • Ethernet cable
    • ROCK Pi S supports Internet access via WIFI or Ethernet.
    • An Ethernet cable is used to connect your ROCK Pi S to a local network and the Internet.

Close look of ROCK Pi S

  • ROCK Pi S front view

Rockpi s top 1200px.jpeg

  • ROCK Pi S front with an angle view

Rockpi s angel 1200px.jpeg

  • ROCK Pi S back view

Rockpi s back 1200px.jpeg


Model ROCK Pi S
Processor SoC RK3308
Quad Cortex-A35 ARM 64bits processor
frequency up to 1.3GHz
Memory 256MB or 512MB DDR3
Storage MicroSD(TF), optional on board 1/2/4/8Gb NAND flash
Wireless 802.11 b/g/n wifi
Bluetooth 4.0(rtl8723DS)
external antenna
USB USB2.0 Type-A HOST x1
USB3.0 Type-C OTG x1
Key maskrom x1
reset x1
Ethernet 100MB ethernet, optional PoE(additional HAT requried)
IO 26-pin expansion header
I2C x4
PWM x3
SPI x2
I2S0 x1
5V DC power in x2
3.3V DC power in x2
Others ---
Power USB Type-C DC 5V
Size 1.7inch square

Starting the board for the first time

ROCK Pi S can be started with μSD Card.


  • When start system with μSD Card

Insert the μSD Card into μSD Card Reader, which connects to host computer.

Write Image

  • Download the flash tool, etcher, from Downloads. Choose the right version for your host operation system. Here we operate on host Ubuntu 16.04.
  • After unpacking the package, we run the tool by executing the command
$ ./etcher-etcher-electron-1.4.5-x86_64.AppImage

If you get an error message: "No polkit authentication agent found" you can try and start it with sudo, but do know that this is running the tool as root.

  • In the etcher window, click Select image.

Linux etcher select image.png

  • In the etcher window, click Select Drive.

Linux etcher select driver.png

  • In the etcher window, click Flash.

Linux etcher select flash button.png

  • In the etcher window, once it shows us Flash Complete! It is done and can be put into the ROCK Pi S.

Linux etcher show complete.png


  • Now insert system storage media into the socket on board.

(Todo: add picture)

  • Use a USB to TTL serial cable to make a connection between your PC and ROCK Pi S. See Serial Console
  • Power on ROCK Pi S. The system runs with the green power led on..

Wish you good luck!


Network state

  • Look at network configure:
  $ sudo ifconfig
  • Test network:
  $ ping -c 5

WIFI Connection

When there is not a network cable for your ROCK Pi S, the WIFI connection is another good choice.

To test the WIFI performance, we need to follow the steps:

  • Switch to super user mode
 $ sudo su
  • Open the WIFI
 $ nmcli r wifi on
  • Scan WIFI
 $ nmcli dev wifi
  • Connect to WIFI network
 $ nmcli dev wifi connect "wifi_name" password "wifi_password"
  • Test WIFI perpormance by tool iperf

Keys Function

ROCK Pi S have reset key and maskrom key:


  • Reset key:

Push this key ROCK Pi S can reset hardware.

  • Maskrom key:

ROCK Pi S support boot on SD NAND flash,SD NAND was booting before TF card on default,push maskrom key can ignore the SD NAND flash.


ROCK Pi S has two 26-pin expansion header. Each pin is distinguished by color, more information click here

Using OTG

ROCK Pi S has an USB type-C OTG connector, you can using it write or read data by PC to ROCK Pi S, more help click here